bumblebee pollination
Directions For Use

Unit of Packaging
Introduction
Moving QUAD Units Between Locations
Environmental
Chemical Usage

Unit of Packaging
Species: Bombus impatiens (Common Eastern Bumblebee)
Package: QUAD pollination unit containing four bumblebee hives each containing supplemental sugar water.
Contains: Each bumblebee hive contains approximately 250 workers, a reproductive queen, and developing brood (eggs, larvae, and pupae). Introduction
Place QUADS evenly throughout the field. Use a pallet (do not stack)
QUAD Position the QUAD hive doors away from prevailing wind or protect with a wind guard
Place QUADS evenly throughout the field. Use a pallet (do not stack)
Place in field 5-10 days before bloom
QUAD Open the hive door of each hive by pulling the sliding door-up
Paper mesh covers the exit, the bees must chew this mesh to leave the QUAD. Do not remove this mesh.
Temperature When temperatures reach over 27oC (80oF) it is recommended to provide a shade structure over the unit to protect the hives from afternoon sun. This may not be needed in early spring crops (blueberries, haskaps, apples, etc.)
Environmental
100 meters Precaution: Orient hive doors away from prevailing wind or use a wind guard

Bumblebees can be used in conjunction with honeybees, but should be placed at least 100 meters from honeybee colonies to prevent honeybees from raiding the bumblebee nests.
Ambient temperatures QUAD bumblebees perform best at ambient temperatures of 50-82F (10-28C).
QUAD units are attractive to large mammals such as bears. If bears are a concern, surround the QUAD units with electric fencing available from agricultural suppliers.

Moving QUAD Units Between Locations
QUAD units can be moved between fields. However, prior to moving the units to another location it is important to allow all bees to return to their hives.
In-only position QUADS can be moved by closing the door to the "in-only" position 24 hours prior to moving to the new location. Some bees are typically lost with each move.
Precaution: Use a bee suit if possible to move the QUADS

Check with the local governments for regulations regarding the transportation and of moving bumblebees.
Chemical Usage
Bumblebees are susceptible to various chemicals as are other pollinators. Detailed information about chemical side effects and appropriate safety measures are available at abetterbee.com
Before using incompatible pesticides, hives must be closed and removed from the treated area. This should never last longer than 2 days, as the colonies will suffer from starvation and mortality of larvae due to lack of pollen